Pengertian dan Contoh Elliptical Construction
Pengertian dan Contoh Elliptical Construction – Elliptical Construction adalah susunan kalimat yang digunakan untuk menghindari pengulangan kata yang tidak dibutuhkan (tidak penting) dalam suatu kalimat.
Dalam pengerjaan / penggunaan kalimat Elliptical Construction, perlu diperhatikan tentang kata kerja bantu / auxiliary verb :
Pola Penggabungan dan Contoh Kalimat Elliptical Construction
1. Positive Elliptical Construction
…and so + aux + S
…and S + aux + too
Contoh Kalimat Positive Elliptical Construction :
- She is a student. Her sister is a student.
-> She is a student and so is her sister.
-> She is a student and her sister is too.
- He likes playing football. I likes playing football.
-> He likes playing football and so do I.
-> He likes playing football and I do too.
- They can play guitar. The girl can play guitar.
-> They can play guitar and so can the girl.
-> They can play guitar and the girl can too.
2. Negative Elliptical Construction
…and neither + aux + S
…and S + aux + not either
Contoh Kalimat Negative Elliptical Construction :
- She is not a Doctor. I am not a Doctor.
-> She is not a Doctor and neither am I.
-> She is not a Doctor and I am not either.
- He doesn’t know me. The girl doesn’t know me.
-> He doesn’t know me and neither does me.
-> He doesn’t know me and the girl doesn’t either.
- They never comes here. He never comes here.
-> They never comes here and neither does he.
-> They never comes here and he doesn’t either.
Ada beberapa adverbs of frequency yang dianggap negatif seperti:
- litlle, dll.
3. Contrary Elliptical Construction
S 1 + V I + but / while + S 2 + do / does + not
S 1 + V II + but / while + S 2 + did + not
S 1 + Aux (verb) + but / while + S 2 +aux + not
S 1 + aux not (verb) + but / while + S 2 + aux
Contoh Kalimat Contrary Elliptical Construction :
- Amel is clever. Her sister isn’t clever.
-> Amel is clever but her sister isn’t.
- He does not have a bag. I have a bag.
-> He does not have a bag but I do.
- Linda can swimming. Rina can not swimming.
-> Linda can swimming but Rina cannot.
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